寄付・募金・ボランティアのセーブ・ザ・チルドレン・ジャパン

Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami Emergency response and recovery program

Distribution of Child-Friendly Disaster Preparedness Kits to Iwate, Miyagi and Fukushima Prefectures (August 19, 2013)

Since the Great East Japan Earthquake of March 2011, Save the Children Japan (SCJ) has been supporting after-school care programs (Gakudos), which are one of the places that children can stay after school. By July 2013, SCJ had distributed disaster preparedness kits to 7,571 children at 218 Gakudos and child welfare institutions in 28 different cities and towns in Iwate, Miyagi and Fukushima prefectures. These kits contain emergency evacuation backpacks, disaster prevention hoods to be worn during earthquake evacuations to prevent head injuries, and first aid kits.
 
■ Why does SCJ support Gakudos?
 
Gakudos are important places for children to stay after school, and also for parents who work to support their children and rebuild their family’s lives in the aftermath of the 2011 earthquake and tsunami. However, Gakudos generally receive less public funding and outside support in comparison to kindergartens, nurseries and elementary schools. Therefore, SCJ has been supporting the refurbishment and construction of Gakudo buildings and providing the necessary equipment to operate Gakudos. In addition to infrastructure and equipment support, SCJ has been supporting Gakudo staff with training, as well as providing networking opportunities for staff and city officials in cooperation with partner organizations such as national and prefectural Gakudo associations.
 
■ Child-friendly emergency evacuation backpacks with survival supplies
 
It is important for both adults and children to know about the contents of evacuation backpacks and how to use the survival supplies so that they can utilize them on their own in case of emergency. Therefore, we have created a child-friendly survival supply instruction guide (see below) that is provided with each emergency evacuation backpack. The child-friendly instruction guide is intended for children and Gakudo staff to together learn to how to use each item in the evacuation backpack. In addition, to value our commitment to children’s perspectives, we have included origami paper and UNO card sets, so that children of any gender and age can play together, even if they find themselves in emergency evacuation centers.
 




 

The items included in the emergency evacuation backpacks, such as headlights and lanterns, were chosen based on feedback from children and Gakudo staff who had experienced the Great East Japan Earthquake. Their opinions were collected through the disaster preparedness training sessions conducted in Iwate and Miyagi prefectures (in Japanese) and interviews conducted on disaster preparedness educational materials development.
 
■ Regions where child-friendly disaster preparedness kits were distributed
 
Iwate Prefecture: Otsuchi-cho, Ofunato City, Kamaishi City, Kuji City, Noda-mura, Hirono-cho, Fudai-mura, Miyako City, Rikuzentakata City and Yamada-machi.
Miyagi Prefecture: Ishinomaki City, Iwanuma City, Ogawara-machi, Onagawa-cho, Kakuda City, Kesennuma City, Zao-machi, Shiogama City, Shichigahama-machi, Shiroishi City, Tagajo City, Natori City, Higashimatsushima City, Marumori-machi, Minamisanriku-cho, Yamamoto-cho and Watari-cho.
Fukushima Prefecture: Minamisoma City.